pt_util - Load or dump a Protection Server database


pt_util [-w] [-user] [-group] [-members] [-name] [-system] [-xtra] [-prdb <prdb file>] [-datafile <data file>] [-help]


The pt_util command can be used to load or dump the protection database. It should only be used when ptserver is not running.

The most likely reason to use it is to initialize the protection database when bringing up a new cell. The current syntax for this, presented below, needs improvement. pt_util can also be used when problems are suspected with the database. It can be used to dump the database or portions thereof, in several different ways, and to reload it.

The textual representation of the database has the following form: For users,

    name flags/quota viceid ownerid creatorid

For groups,

    name flags/quota viceid ownerid creatorid
     a-username a-user-viceid

The second line is repeated for each member of the group. When reading the database, membership is not reported unless -members is also included.


If you don't specify any options, the only thing you'll learn is the ubik database epoch and version.


Write to the protection database instead of reading. Only the file arguments make sense in combination with this argument.


When reading, display users.


When reading, display groups (but not necessarily members).


When reading, display groups and also group members.


When reading, follow name hashes, instead of id hashes. This may print different information if the database was corrupted. Otherwise, it should print exactly the same information, except in a different order.


When reading, display system data, or more precisely, do not display entries with a viced <= -32768 or >= +97537.


When reading, display extra users and groups, or more precisely, do not display entries that are in the range -32767...+97536 inclusive.

-prdb <prdb file>

Specifies the complete pathname of the file in which the Protection Database resides. Provide the complete name, including the ending .DB0.

-datafile <data file>

Specify the file to which to dump (or -w from which to read) textual database records.


The file dump format does not include supergroup information, so should not be used if you have and are using groups within groups.

In all cases, entry timestamps and other information is also not preserved.

The epoch and version are reported on standard error. On little-endian machines, they'll be byte swapped, so may be very random.


The following example shows how to initialize the database from scratch.

Before you do this, make sure ptserver is not running. If you have multiple database servers, make sure prdb.* does not exist on any server machine.

Now, type this in EXACTLY, including the leading space on the line indicated. But do use Control-D at the end, not up-arrow D.

    pt_util -w
    admin 128/20 1 -204 -204
    system:administrators 130/20 -204 -204 -204
     admin 1

You will see this:

    # pt_util -w
    pt_util: /usr/afs/db/prdb.DB0: Bad UBIK_MAGIC. Is 0 should be 354545
    Ubik Version is: 2.0
    admin 128/20 1 -204 -204
    system:administrators 130/20 -204 -204 -204
    Error while creating system:administrators: Entry for id already exists
     admin 1
    pt_util: Ubik Version number changed during execution.
    Old Version = 2.0, new version = 33554432.0

To make a complete copy of the database,

    # pt_util -user -members -datafile /tmp/out

To load from the complete copy,

    # pt_util -w -datafile /tmp/out

Don't do this until you read cautions, above.


The issuer must be logged in as the superuser root on a database server machine to use pt_util.


prdb.DB0(5), ptserver(8)


The following copyright covers this documentation:

Copyright (c) 2005 The Regents of the University of Michigan. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Permission is granted to use, copy, create derivative works and redistribute this software and such derivative works for any purpose, so long as the name of the University of Michigan is not used in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use or distribution of this software without specific, written prior authorization. If the above copyright notice or any other identification of the University of Michigan is included in any copy of any portion of this software, then the disclaimer below must also be included.

This software is provided as is, without representation from the University of Michigan as to its fitness for any purpose, and without warranty by the University of Michigan of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The regents of the University of Michigan shall not be liable for any damages, including special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, with respect to any claim arising out of or in connection with the use of the software, even if it has been or is hereafter advised of the possibility of such damages.