vos_examine - Shows volume header and VLDB entry information for a volume
vos examine -id <volume name or ID> [-extended] [-format] [-cell <cell name>] [-noauth] [-localauth] [-verbose] [-encrypt] [-noresolve] [-help]
vos e -i <volume name or ID> [-ex] [-f] [-c <cell name>] [-noa] [-l] [-v] [-e] [-nor] [-h]
vos volinfo -id <volume name or ID> [-extended] [-format] [-cell <cell name>] [-noauth] [-localauth] [-verbose] [-encrypt] [-noresolve] [-help]
vos v -i <volume name or ID> [-ex] [-f] [-c <cell name>] [-noa] [-l] [-v] [-e] [-nor] [-h]
The vos examine command formats and displays information from the Volume Location Database (VLDB) entry and the volume header of the volume specified by the -id argument.
To display the volume header only, use the vos listvol command. To display information from the VLDB only, use the vos listvldb command.
Currently, the maximum quota for a volume is 2 terabytes (2^41 bytes). Note that this only affects the volume's quota; a volume may grow much larger if the volume quota is disabled. However, volumes over 2 terabytes in size may be impractical to move, and may have their size incorrectly reported by some tools, such as fs_listquota(1).
Specifies either the complete name or volume ID number of the volume, which can be read/write, read-only, or backup.
Displays statistics about read and write operations on files and directories in the volume.
Shows information in a format suitable for machine parsing.
Names the cell in which to run the command. Do not combine this argument with the -localauth flag. For more details, see vos(1).
Assigns the unprivileged identity
anonymous to the issuer.
Do not combine this flag with the -localauth flag.
For more details,
Constructs a server ticket using a key from the local /usr/afs/etc/KeyFile file. The vos command interpreter presents it to the Volume Server and Volume Location Server during mutual authentication. Do not combine this flag with the -cell argument or -noauth flag. For more details, see vos(1).
Produces on the standard output stream a detailed trace of the command's execution. If this argument is omitted, only warnings and error messages appear.
Encrypts the command so that the operation's results are not transmitted across the network in clear text. This option is available in OpenAFS versions 1.4.11 or later and 1.5.60 or later.
Shows all servers as IP addresses instead of the DNS name. This is very useful when the server address is registered as 127.0.0.1 or when dealing with multi-homed servers. This option is available in OpenAFS versions 1.4.8 or later and 1.5.35 or later.
Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.
The first seven lines of the output show information from the volume header and the remaining lines come from the VLDB. Each item in the following list corresponds to a line of output derived from the volume header.
Basic information about the specified volume (displayed on a single line):
Volume ID number
Type (the flag is
RW for read/write,
RO for read-only,
BK for backup)
Size in kilobytes (
1024 equals a megabyte)
Number of files in the volume, if the -extended flag is provided
Status on the file server machine, which is one of the following:
The volume is completely accessible to Cache Managers.
The volume is not accessible to Cache Managers, but does not seem to be corrupted. This status appears while a volume is being dumped, for example.
The volume is not accessible to Cache Managers, because it seems to be corrupted. Use the bos salvage or salvager command to repair the corruption.
The file server machine and partition that house the volume, as determined by the command interpreter as the command runs, rather than derived from the VLDB or the volume header.
The volume ID numbers associated with the various versions of the volume: read/write (
and ReleaseClone (
One of them matches the volume ID number that appears on the first line of the volume's output.
If the value in the
Backup field is
there is no volume of that type.
If there is currently no ReleaseClone,
RClone field does not appear at all.
The maximum space quota allotted to the read/write copy of the volume,
expressed in kilobyte blocks in the
The date and time the volume was created,
If the volume has been restored with the backup diskrestore,
or vos restore command,
this is the restore time.
For a read-only volume,
this is the last release time.
The date and time this copy of this volume was created,
This is the time when the volume was created on this server and partition.
For read-only volumes,
it is not updated by a release (unlike the Creation date).
The copy date is not stored in volume dumps.
The date and time when the contents of the volume last changed,
Last Update field.
For read-only and backup volumes,
it matches the timestamp in the
The number of times the volume has been accessed for a fetch or store operation since the later of the two following times:
12:00 a.m. on the day the command is issued
The last time the volume changed location
When the -extended flag is included, two tables appear next:
The table labeled
Raw Read/Write Stats contains information on the number of reads (fetches) and writes (stores) made on the specified volume.
The table labeled
Writes Affecting Authorship contains information on writes made to files and directories in the specified volume.
If the following message appears instead of the previously listed information, it indicates that a volume is not accessible to Cache Managers or the vos command interpreter, for example because a clone is being created.
**** Volume <volume_ID> is busy ****
If the following message appears instead of the previously listed information, it indicates that the File Server is unable to attach the volume, perhaps because it is seriously corrupted. The FileLog and VolserLog log files in the /usr/afs/logs directory on the file server machine possibly provide additional information; use the bos getlog command to display them.
**** Could not attach volume <volume_ID> ****
Following a blank line, information from the VLDB entry appears. Each item in this list corresponds to a separate line in the output:
The base (read/write) volume name. The read-only and backup versions have the same name with a
.backup extension, respectively.
The volume ID numbers allocated to the versions of the volume that actually exist, in fields labeled
RWrite for the read/write,
ROnly for the read-only,
Backup for the backup, and
RClone for the ReleaseClone. (If a field does not appear, the corresponding version of the volume does not exist.) The appearance of the
RClone field normally indicates that a release operation did not complete successfully; the
Old release and
New release flags often also appear on one or more of the site definition lines described just following.
The number of sites that house a read/write or read-only copy of the volume, following the string
number of sites ->.
A line for each site that houses a read/write or read-only copy of the volume, specifying the file server machine, partition, and type of volume (
RW for read/write or
RO for read-only). If a backup version exists, it is understood to share the read/write site. Several flags can appear with a site definition:
Indicates that the vos release command has not been issued since the vos addsite command was used to define the read-only site.
Indicates that a vos release command did not complete successfully, leaving the previous, obsolete version of the volume at this site.
Indicates that a vos release command did not complete successfully, but that this site did receive the correct new version of the volume.
If the VLDB entry is locked, the string
Volume is currently LOCKED, as well as (in OpenAFS 1.5.75 and later) one or more of the following strings:
Indicates that the volume was locked due to a vos move or a vos convertROtoRW command.
Indicates that the volume was locked due to a vos release command.
Indicates that the volume was locked due to a vos backup command.
Indicates that the volume was locked due to a vos delentry, vos addsite, vos remsite, vos changeloc, vos syncvldb, vos syncserv, vos rename, or vos lock command.
Indicates that the volume was locked due to a vos dump or vos restore command.
For further discussion of the
New release and
Old release flags, see vos_release(1).
The following example shows output for the ABC Corporation volume called
usr with two read-only replication sites (this volume is mounted at the /afs/abc.com/usr directory). For the sake of illustration, the output shows the volume as locked.
% vos examine usr usr 536870981 RW 3459 K On-line fs2.abc.com /vicepb RWrite 5360870981 ROnly 536870982 Backup 536870983 MaxQuota 40000 K Creation Mon Jun 12 15:22:06 1989 Copy Mon Jun 12 15:22:06 1989 Last Update Fri Jun 16 09:34:35 1989 5719 accesses in the past day (i.e., vnode references) RWrite: 5360870981 ROnly: 536870982 Backup: 536870983 number of sites -> 3 server fs1.abc.com partition /vicepa RO Site server fs3.abc.com partition /vicepa RO Site server fs2.abc.com partition /vicepb RW Site Volume is currently LOCKED
The following example shows the output for the volume
user.terry using the -extended flag. The volume has no read-only replication sites.
% vos examine -id user.terry -extended user.terry 354287190 RW 2302 K used 119 files On-line fs4.abc.com /vicepc RWrite 354287190 ROnly 0 Backup 354287192 MaxQuota 5000 K Creation Wed Nov 25 17:38:57 1992 Copy Wed Nov 25 17:38:57 1992 Last Update Tue Dec 15 10:46:20 1992 598 accesses in the past day (i.e., vnode references) Raw Read/Write Stats |-------------------------------------------| | Same Network | Diff Network | |----------|----------|----------|----------| | Total | Auth | Total | Auth | |----------|----------|----------|----------| Reads | 55 | 55 | 38 | 38 | Writes | 95 | 95 | 0 | 0 | |-------------------------------------------| Writes Affecting Authorship |-------------------------------------------| | File Authorship | Directory Authorship| |----------|----------|----------|----------| | Same | Diff | Same | Diff | |----------|----------|----------|----------| 0-60 sec | 38 | 0 | 21 | 1 | 1-10 min | 2 | 0 | 7 | 0 | 10min-1hr | 0 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 1hr-1day | 1 | 0 | 5 | 1 | 1day-1wk | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | > 1wk | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |-------------------------------------------| RWrite: 354287190 Backup: 354287192 number of sites -> 1 server fs4.abc.com partition /vicepc RW Site
backup_diskrestore(8), backup_volrestore(8), bos_getlog(8), bos_salvage(8), salvager(8), vos(1), vos_listvol(1), vos_listvldb(1), vos_release(1), vos_restore(1)
IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.
This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0. It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.